Mental Frameworks








A mental model is an explanation of someone's thought process about how something works in the real world. It is a representation of the surrounding world, the relationships between its various parts, and a person's intuitive perception about his or her own acts and their consequences. Mental models can help shape behaviour and set an approach to solving problems (similar to a personal algorithm) and doing tasks.

Conceptual approach to decision-making using mental frameworks.

Questions to ask yourself

1. What frames am I looking through?

2. What metaphors am I using?

3. What is the significance of my decisive actions vs. my random actions?

4. What narrative is framing the unfolding of events?

Conceptual reasoning can be a framework for decision-making.


The image of the world around us, which we carry in our head, is just a model. Nobody in his head imagines all the world, government or country. He has only selected concepts, and relationships between them, and uses those to represent the real system (Forrester, 1971).


A handful of loosely related materials, organized and available for further exploration.

Venkatesh Rao: The Three Types of Decision Makers [The Knowledge Project Ep. #7]
Developing a Mental Framework for Effective Thinking
Daniel Kahneman: Thinking Fast and Slow, Deep Learning, and AI | Lex Fridman Podcast #65
Charlie Munger: The mental models I used to become successful in life
YouTube Lecture
What are the right "mental models" to try to be less wrong in a complex world?
Quora Thread
Bayesian thinking

Edited and curated by (Twitter) @VisualTheory_ (Instagram) @visualtheory_

Submit your Idea

→ Contribute an idea and I'll post it on Visual Theory!

If you have a seemingly hard-to-grasp concept and would like to compress it into a visual format, don't hesitate to reach out to me.

You can also simply send me a link using this form. Make sure you add the #visualtheory tag when sending me materials.