One of the main determinants of how easy something is to learn is how meaningful it is to the learner. If it doesn’t make sense, it will be hard to learn.
We need only about 125 basic words to communicate in a new language. Then build interlocking chains of new words by linking them to the 125 basic words and increase your vocabulary until you become fluent in the language.
Cookies, grapes, cheese, can opener, chicken, pie, butter, bananas, bread, pork, gum. Reorganize the items by categories: dairy - butter, cheese; bakery goods - cookies, pie, bread; meat - chicken, pork; fruit - grapes, bananas; and other - can opener, gum.
1. Acquisition or encoding is learning the material in the first place.
2. Storage is keeping the material until it is needed.
3. Retrieval is finding the material and getting it back out when it is needed.
Chunking can increase the limited capacity of short-term memory. 376315374264 can be remembered as 12 separate digits, but it is easier to remember as four chunks of 3 digits each: 376 - 315 - 374 - 264.
Rhyme can be used to impose meaning on material that is not inherently meaningful.
Items in the middle part of a list will take longer to learn and will be harder to remember than will items at the beginning and end of the list.
If the items you are learning do not have to be in a certain order, arrange them so that the more complex, less meaningful items are at the ends of the list and the simpler, more meaningful items are in the middle.
In motels you enter your room directly from the outside, but in hotels you enter your room from the hallway.
Continue learning beyond the point of bare mastery or of mere recall.
Anxiety can interfere with memory even without a specific stressful situation being involved.
French verbs that are conjugated with the helping verb “to be” is the name of a lady, MRS. VANDERTAMP (Monter, Rester, Sortir, Venir, Aller, Naître, Descendre, Entrer, Rentrer, Tomber, Arriver, Mourir, Partir).
Mark Twain would actually draw the pictures representing his ideas, for remembering his speeches.
The Link system: two steps. First, form a visual image for each item in the list to be learned. Second, associate the image for each item with the image for the next item.
The Story system is a variant of the Link system in which you weave the items into a connecting story.