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Infinity

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MIND

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PERCEPTION

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One of the most appealing definitions of Infinity was delivered by Baruch Spinoza, a Dutch philosopher of Portuguese Sephardi origin.

Spinoza begins the Ethics with arguments to prove that there must be a single self-substituent substance, to be identified as ‘Deus sive Natura’, ‘God or Nature’, which is the cause, directly or indirectly, of all things, and which is self-created.

He identified God with Nature and he denied the possibility of an Act of Creation.

By God I understand a being absolutely infinite, that is, a substance consisting of an infinity of attributes, of which each one expresses an eternal and infinite essence. God is unique, that is, that in Nature there is only one substance, and that is absolutely infinite. God is the efficient cause of all things. God is a cause through himself and not an accidental cause. It follows, third, that God is absolutely the first cause. For God alone exists only from the necessity of his nature.
Every single thing, or anything which is finite and has a determined existence, can neither exist nor be determined to produce an effect unless it is determined to exist and produce an effect by another cause, which is also finite and has a determinate existence; and again, this cause also can neither exist nor be determined to produce an effect unless it is determined to exist and produce an effect by another, which is also finite and has a determinate existence, and on, to infinity.

Materials

A handful of loosely related materials, organized and available for further exploration. I will keep updating these as I learn more.

LinkTitleTypeOriginator
Ethics, Baruch Spinoza
Free Book
Stanford Encyclopedia Philosophy
Ethics, Baruch Spinoza
My Notes
www.robertblanc.com/books
Infinity is fake | Jordan Ellenberg and Lex Fridman
YouTube Video/Podcast
Lex Fridman
The Universe is Infinite | Alex Filippenko and Lex Fridman
YouTube Video/Podcast
Lex Fridman
Hilbert's Curve: Is infinite math useful?
YouTube Video/Podcast
3Blue1Brown
How To Count Past Infinity
YouTube Video/Podcast
Vsauce
The Banach–Tarski Paradox
YouTube Video/Podcast
Vsauce

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